Summer ailments are quite common during the hot summer months. From heat eruptions and sunburn to jaundice and food poisoning, summer causes a host of health problems. In India, May and June are generally considered the warmest months of the year, with temperatures exceeding 40 degrees Celsius. That is why we must take the necessary preventive measures to reduce the risk of summer diseases.
That is why we must take the necessary preventive measures to reduce the risk of summer diseases. Here we have compiled a list of common summer diseases that you need to protect yourself against.
Sunburn is characterized by a red and painful skin that becomes warm to the touch. It occurs when the skin is exposed to ultraviolet (UV) rays emitted by the sun or by artificial sources such as tanning beds. Sunburn usually appears a few hours after exposure and repeated exposure to the sun can increase the risk of skin damage and certain diseases, including skin cancer, dry or wrinkled skin, brown spots and rough spots.
Prevention method: Apply sunscreen with an SPF 40 before you expose yourself to the sun.
2. Heat stroke
Heat stroke, also known as sunburn, is the most common condition during the summer months. It is due to prolonged exposure of the body to high temperatures or physical exertion under these conditions, resulting in overheating of the body.
Preventive methods: Avoid going out during the day from 12 p.m. to 4 p.m. because this is the time when the sun’s rays are too strong. And if you need to go out, cover yourself properly and apply sunscreen before you go out.
3. Food poisoning
Food poisoning, also known as food-borne illness, is a disease that occurs when you consume contaminated food or water. Infectious pathogens such as bacteria, viruses and parasites are the most common causes of food poisoning. Prevention methods: Avoid eating uncooked food and meat sold outdoors by roadside vendors.
Headache is another common disease that occurs during the summer months when the temperature rises. Heat causes the blood vessels of the head to expand, causing nagging pain and headaches. Headaches can also be caused by dehydration, heat exhaustion and heat stroke.
Preventive method: Cover up properly before going out and drink plenty of water throughout the day.
5. Heat rash
Heat rash, also known as pungent heat, and summer rash are common ailments during the summer months. Long exposure to the sun can trigger a red, rash.
Preventive methods: Avoid going out in hot, humid weather and avoid vigorous exercise to avoid excessive sweating.
High temperatures in the summer months increase the risk of jaundice. Jaundice is characterized by a yellowish hue on the skin and in the white of the eyes. This condition manifests itself in an accumulation of bilirubin (waste) in the blood.
Preventive methods: Keep your body hydrated and eat fresh fruits and vegetables.
Typhoid is caused by Salmonella Typhi and spreads through contaminated food or water. Consumption of unhealthy beverages in summer, standing water and lowering of the water table are considered risk factors for typhoid during the summer season. Preventive methods: Avoid eating contaminated food or water.